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Tourism: Mutual Benefit, or Modern Colonialism?

Chinese souvenir dolls. Source: KittyKaht, Flickr Travel & Tourism is the world's biggest industry, contributing almost one-tenth of world GDP, and employing more than 266 million people. Originating in 17th century Britain, it involves travel for business and medical purposes, but its most important form is leisure or recreational tourism. Despite its important role in economic growth and employment, the environmental, cultural and social effects of tourism are still controversial. This begs the question of whether contemporary tourism can be interpreted as a form of modern-day colonialism? As Nils Finn Munch-Petersen explained on his SASNET/UPF lecture, it is rather tourism can be conceived of as ”the appropration of local land, labour and natural resources for tourism purposes by local elites”. Thus, exploitation does not (only) happen in the West-East direction, but by the global higher class, inside and outside country borders.

By Andrea Czervan

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Interview: Cecilia Malmström on Migration and Asylum Policy in the EU

Cecilia Malmström speaking at the UPF/LUPEF lecture. Source: UPFThe EU’s Common Migration and Asylum policies often spark heated debate between member states and parties. The Lampedusa boat disaster in October coupled with the ongoing Syrian refugee crisis have reinvigorated the debate on the EU’s responsibilities toward asylum seekers. On November 25, 2013, the current EU Commissioner for Home Affairs, Cecilia Malmström, was welcomed to Lund by UPF and LUPEF to speak about the challenges facing the EU’s asylum and migration policies.

By Likki Lee Pitzen

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Sven-Ove Hansson on “The Role of Science in Politics”

What should the interplay between scientists and policy makers look like? Should it be permitted to base a policy on uncertain knowledge? One of the speakers at this year’s Conference on Foreign Affairs was Sven-Ove Hansson, professor in philosophy at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, who helped the audience make sense of these questions. This article sums up some of the most important points from his talk.

Scientists and policy makers often look at the world in quite different ways. Policy makers put up guidelines to help achieve certain outcomes while scientists try to find out how things really are.When a policy decision is made on an issue that bears on scientific knowledge, there is a coordination problem between policy makers and scientists: Scientists first gather data, and when there’s enough evidence to draw a certain conclusion, that conclusion becomes part of the corpus – the scientific knowledge which at a given time could be written in a...

by Hampus Ljungberg

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“We must focus not on our successes but on our failures”

Last week Lund University together with the Raoul Wallenberg Institute and the Association of Foreign Affairs had the honour to host a lecture on Implementing Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law – the Individual Responsibility in memory of Raoul Wallenberg. Among others, the speakers at the lecture included Former Secretary-General of the United Nations, Kofi A. Annan, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, and Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Margot Wallström.

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Human Rights with Ove Bring

Ove Bring is well known in the fields of international law and human rights. He has been a professor in international law since 1993, and currently works at The Swedish National Defense College. He has been a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration since 1999.

Bring visited Lund last week to participate in a panel discussion, organized by the Association of Foreign Affairs and Amnesty International, concerning the West Bank.

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Cecilia Uddén

Interview with Cecilia Uddén, correspondent working in Cairo for Sveriges Radio (Swedish Broadcasting)

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“People are not after money anymore, they are after solutions”

Sahar El-Nadi. Photo: Leif Jansson

INTERVIEW WITH SAHAR EL-NADI 

Sahar El-Nadi, an internationally known Egyptian journalist with an impressive CV, is rushing into the lobby of Hotel Concordia. She smiles and is in a good mood, even though her schedule is hectic. She complains about the cold weather but emphasises how beautiful Lund is. This is her first time in Scandinavia and yesterday she was in Malmö. 

 

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“Being frustrated about inequality and injustice was not enough”

Cecilia Malmström. Photo: Hans Doverholm. wikicommons

Interview with Cecilia Malmström

One year since the Arab spring the European Union is facing a great challenge in handling the stream of refugees trying to get across its borders. On Friday the 27th of January the Association of Foreign Affairs in Lund invited European Commissioner for Home Affairs Cecilia Malmström to give a lecture about the current situation and the aim for a common European migration policy. The crowded lecture hall proved that these are hot topics and the Commissioner had to tackle several questions from vocal students.

Migration is a controversial matter. Today the stakes are even higher with six Union members receiving 75 percent of all migrants. An unsustainable situation according to the Commissioner who claims that a joint solution regarding migration is urgent.

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“They throw good money after bad money”

Johan Norberg is a Swedish classical liberal thinker and a freelance writer as well as the author of several books. Recently, he has been active in the debate over Europe's economic crisis. Utrikesperspektiv met him to ask about the crisis in Europe and the banking system.


What is the biggest problem in terms of Euro-crisis today?

The problem is that three countries are bankrupt and two can't borrow and the Southern European banking system has collapsed. Everybody is on life-support from other governments and the European Central Banks. And in the long run that will not work. The only result is that they throw good money after bad money and undermine their own financial situation. And now we are all in this together. The governments are in a bad situation, and then, so are then banks, because they lent the money. And then governments look even worse, because they might have to support those bankrupt banks, and so on. It's a very negative spiral.

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Interview with Tariq Ali

TARIQ ALI. PHOTO: SEASURFACE. FLICKR.

Last year Tariq Ali released “The Obama Syndrome – Surrender at home, War abroad”, where he looks into the changes made since Obama came into office. He argues that not much has happend since George W Bush left the White house. In September Tariq Ali came to visit the Association of Foreign Affairs in Lund to give a talk. Before the lecture Utrikesperspektiv.se’s writer, Ahmet Nuri Mutlu, met him for an interview.

Tariq Ali is one of the editors of New Left Review. He has been writing articles, essays, fiction, plays, films, and been politically active for over 40 years.

What do you claim about the policies of Obama in The Obama Syndrome?

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